It is estimated that Angola was host to 12,100 refugees and 2,900 asylum seekers by the end of 2007. 11,400 of those refugees were originally from the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo-Kinshasa) who arrived in the 1970s.As of 2008 there were an estimated 400,000 DRC migrant workers, at least 30,000 Portuguese, and more than 20,000 Chinese living in Angola.Since 2003, more than 400,000 Congolese migrants have been expelled from Angola.Prior to independence in 1975, Angola had a community of approximately 350,000 Portuguese; currently, there are just fewer than 100,000 who are registered with the consulates, but migration from Portugal is increasing due to the debt crisis in there.
The languages in Angola are those originally spoken by the different ethnic groups plus Portuguese due to the country being a former Portuguese colony. The indigenous languages with the largest usage are Umbundu, Kimbundu, and Kikongo, in that order. Portuguese is the official language of the country and is widely spoken.
Ethnic Map of Angola showing the Areas of Tribal Origin
Angola’s population is estimated to be 18,498,000 (2009). It is composed of Ovimbundu (language Umbundu) 37%, Ambundu (language Kimbundu) 25%, Bakongo 13%, and 32% other ethnic groups as well as about 2% mestiços (mixed European and African) and 1% European. The population is forecast to grow to over 47 million people to 2060, nearly tripling the estimated 16 to 18 million in 2011. The last official census was taken in 1970, and showed the total population as being 5.6 million. The first post-independence census was held in 2013. Peliminary census results indicate a population of 24.6 million. This figure will be confirmed on full publication of 2013 Census report.
Republic of Angola - Demography